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К.Кh. Zhumatov

Institute of microbiology and virology, 103, Bogenbai batyr str., Almaty, 050010, Kazakhstan

А.I. Kydyrmanov

Institute of microbiology and virology, 103, Bogenbai batyr str., Almaty, 050010, Kazakhstan


Viral infections account for more than 60% of all known infectious diseases in human, animals and plants. They are one of the leading causes of death among people living in both developed and developing countries with weak health systems. During the process of constant renewal and emergence of new pathogens, “emerging infections" (emerging-reemerging) are generated regularly in nature.

This review article focuses on a new coronavirus infection found in humans and animals, the Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS). A brief characterization of members of the family Coronaviridae and their carriers is described, including their natural hosts and a clinical picture of the diseases caused by them. Here, we summarize the data on the occurrence, dynamics of the spread, clinical cases of MERS infection in the Middle East and other regions of the world. The results of the study on the phylogeny of the causative agent (MERS-CoV) are included. We have included a brief description of the Kazakhstani populations that are susceptible to mammalian coronavirus such as those found in bats and camels. We have highlighted the potential risk of the spread of MERS-CoV in Kazakhstan and suggested the importance of a timely study of the natural reservoirs of the virus in the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan.


Middle East respiratory syndrome, coronavirus, genome, phylogenesis, cluster, camel, bat

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